NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM)

NeuroAffective Relational Model, also known as NARM, is a therapeutic approach that follows a specific model (based on both traditional psychotherapy and somatic approaches) for trauma. NARM does this by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties. These early, unconscious patterns of disconnection can have an impact on our identity, emotions, physiology, behavior and relationships. NARM is a non-regressive model of therapy that emphasizes helping clients establish connection to the parts of self that are organized, coherent and functional. It helps bring into awareness and organization the parts of self that are disorganized and dysfunctional without making the regressed, dysfunctional elements the primary theme of the therapy. Think this approach might be right for you? Reach out to one  of TherapyDen’s NARM specialists today. 

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Several of the therapists at HeartMind Resiliency are trained in NARM, as well as other somatic, depth oriented approaches.

— HeartMind Resiliency LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Richmond, VA

Induced After Death Communication, developed by Dr. Botkin in 1995 while working at the Chicago Veterans Hospital, reduces the sadness and pain associated with grief using a modified EMDR protocol. Most clients experience a deep and loving connection with a deceased loved one through one or more of their five senses. It is a profoundly healing modality. The above description is from

— Nicolette Bautista, Psychologist in Folsom, CA

I am currently enrolled in a year long level 2 training. In general, I see the world through a lense of CPTSD. Not to diangose folks but rather empower.

— Traci Ruble, Marriage & Family Therapist in , CA

I was trained in NARM™ more recently, in 2021-2022, completing all requirements for Level 2 training. NARM helps folks with chronic, developmental, relational, or attachment trauma who struggle with emotion dysregulation, toxic shame, and difficulties in relating to self and others. It's a non-pathologizing model that uses top-down and bottom-up interventions to resolve emotional stuck points and increase a sense of agency in our lives.

— Stacey Rosenfeld, Psychologist in Coral Gables, FL

The NeuroAffective Relational Model(NARM) is a cutting-edge model for addressing attachment, relational and developmental trauma, by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties. “What are the patterns that are preventing me from being present to myself and others at this moment and in my life?"

— Jenna Powell, Licensed Professional Counselor in Houston, TX

I am currently enrolled and participating in getting trained in NARM. This model is utilized to treat the effects of developmental trauma, which is something I believe we have all been subject to in various ways. I relate to this model because it is oriented around acting within our own agency and helping individuals discover the barriers getting in the way of what we most want for ourselves. I will complete the training in Spring 2022.

— Bethaney Clark, Professional Counselor Associate in Gresham, OR

The NeuroAffective Relational Model(NARM) is an advanced clinical training for mental health professionals who work with complex trauma. NARM is a cutting-edge model for addressing attachment, relational and developmental trauma, by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties (

— Sladja Redner, Psychotherapist in Austin, TX

The NeuroAffect Relational model brings brings together a variety of compelling therapies: relational therapy, somatic experiencing, phenomenology, affective regulation (IPNB), polyvagal theory in that seamlessly from a therapist angle explains how symptoms develop; yet even more brilliantly, how to allow old patterns and identifications (both including symptoms & distress) to fall to the wayside.

— Keith Neilitz, Licensed Professional Counselor in Green Bay, WI

In 2020, I completed NARM Therapist training and in the summer of 2021 received my NARM Master Therapist certificate. I was the host of the NARM Training Institute podcast Transforming Trauma for the first two years.

— Sarah Buino, Social Worker in Chicago, IL

The primary model I draw from in my individual therapy work is a comprehensive, trauma informed model known as NARM. NARM is one of very few models designed to specifically address Complex PTSD and Developmental Trauma, and is focused heavily on bringing curiosity, agency and consent to the therapeutic space. NARM is a relatively new, innovative model that draws from a long history of psychological lineages. You can learn more about the NARM here:

— Sarah Lazarewicz, Clinical Social Worker in Minneapolis, MN

I had the incredible privilege of training under, world-renowned author, psychologist and relationship expert Dr. John Townsend. He founded the Townsend Institute for Leadership & Counseling, through Concordia University, Irvine, CA to address both the head and the heart, incorporating scriptural truths with current neuroscience and tried and true therapeutic approaches to bring real and lasting breakthroughs and growth.

— Karissa Catlin, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in Atlanta, GA

I am a certified NARM Therapist specializing in working with adverse early life experiences that result in developmental and complex trauma. By working relationally in the moment to find what is getting in the way of our greatest desires, we are able to shift patterns of identity no longer serving us and tap into a greater source of life energy and core states of ease and peace. I'd like to add that as a therapy client myself, I now prefer NARM Therapy for working through such patterns.

— Whitney Sutherland, Licensed Professional Counselor in Round Rock, TX