NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM)

NeuroAffective Relational Model, also known as NARM, is a therapeutic approach that follows a specific model (based on both traditional psychotherapy and somatic approaches) for trauma. NARM does this by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties. These early, unconscious patterns of disconnection can have an impact on our identity, emotions, physiology, behavior and relationships. NARM is a non-regressive model of therapy that emphasizes helping clients establish connection to the parts of self that are organized, coherent and functional. It helps bring into awareness and organization the parts of self that are disorganized and dysfunctional without making the regressed, dysfunctional elements the primary theme of the therapy. Think this approach might be right for you? Reach out to one  of TherapyDen’s NARM specialists today. 

Need help finding the right therapist?
Find Your Match

Meet the specialists


Our nervous system is the first to develop in the womb; how we experience the world from conception to birth informs our core sense of safety and inform how we cope. NARM aims to treat attachment, relational and developmental trauma, or “Complex Trauma” (Complex-PTSD or C-PTSD). This developmentally-oriented, neuroscientifically-informed model emerged out of earlier psychotherapeutic orientations including Psychodynamic Psychotherapy approaches.

— Trish McKenna, Therapist in St. Louis Park, MN

I was trained in NARM™ more recently, in 2021-2022, completing all requirements for Level 2 training. NARM helps folks with chronic, developmental, relational, or attachment trauma who struggle with emotion dysregulation, toxic shame, and difficulties in relating to self and others. It's a non-pathologizing model that uses top-down and bottom-up interventions to resolve emotional stuck points and increase a sense of agency in our lives.

— Stacey Rosenfeld, Psychologist in Coral Gables, FL

I am currently enrolled in a year long level 2 training. In general, I see the world through a lense of CPTSD. Not to diangose folks but rather empower.

— Traci Ruble, Marriage & Family Therapist in , CA

Several of the therapists at HeartMind Resiliency are trained in NARM, as well as other somatic, depth oriented approaches.

— HeartMind Resiliency LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Richmond, VA

The NeuroAffective Relational Model(NARM) is a cutting-edge model for addressing attachment, relational and developmental trauma, by working with the attachment patterns that cause life-long psychobiological symptoms and interpersonal difficulties. “What are the patterns that are preventing me from being present to myself and others at this moment and in my life?"

— Jenna Powell, Licensed Professional Counselor in Houston, TX

I completed training through the NARM institute with Brad Kammer, Dr. Laurence Heller, and Stefanie Klein.

— Jackie Cook, Therapist in Raleigh, NC

I completed training through the NARM institute with Brad Kammer, Dr. Laurence Heller, and Stefanie Klein.

— Jackie Cook, Therapist in Raleigh, NC

I am a NARM trained therapist. The NeuroAffective Relational Model™ focuses on the fundamental tasks and functional unity of biological and psychological development. The NARM model: Integrates both a nervous system based and a relational orientation. Brings developmentally-informed clinical interventions that use body-mind mindfulness and an orientation to resources to anchor self-regulation in the nervous system. Works clinically with the link between psychological issues and the body by help

— Alli Malnik, Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor in Lake Worth, FL

In 2020, I completed NARM Therapist training and in the summer of 2021 received my NARM Master Therapist certificate. I was the host of the NARM Training Institute podcast Transforming Trauma for the first two years.

— Sarah Buino, Social Worker in Chicago, IL

I am currently enrolled and participating in getting trained in NARM. This model is utilized to treat the effects of developmental trauma, which is something I believe we have all been subject to in various ways. I relate to this model because it is oriented around acting within our own agency and helping individuals discover the barriers getting in the way of what we most want for ourselves. I will complete the training in Spring 2022.

— Bethaney Clark, Professional Counselor Associate in Gresham, OR

I am a certified NARM Therapist specializing in working with adverse early life experiences that result in developmental and complex trauma. By working relationally in the moment to find what is getting in the way of our greatest desires, we are able to shift patterns of identity no longer serving us and tap into a greater source of life energy and core states of ease and peace. I'd like to add that as a therapy client myself, I now prefer NARM Therapy for working through such patterns.

— Whitney Sutherland, Licensed Professional Counselor in Round Rock, TX

My specialty is using NARM to treat complex and developmental trauma and other psychological conditions, including depression, trauma, anxiety, relationship issues, family conflict, and addiction. NARM is a relational model focusing on using curiosity, compassion, and consent for our clients. NARM is informed by principles from attachment theory that go beyond symptom reduction, seeing every human being moving toward a deeper connection to themselves and others.

— Claude Cayemitte, Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Boca Raton, FL

I am in the process of completing the Level 2 NARM training and will receive the official certification after completing supervision in 1 year.

— Jodie Yorg, Clinical Trainee in Chicago, IL